Above all, the temperature target reflects a vision of the type of society we want for the future. The goal is to shape our economic system in such a way that the improvement of our quality of life is not hindered by the negative effects on our climate. In the light of science, this vision implies a great transformation. It forces us to rethink the way we produce, use and consume energy; how we produce and build; and how we manage our lands and ecosystems. If we want global net emissions of domestic development gases to reach zero before the end of this century, we must ensure that our energy and production systems become neutral in terms of greenhouse gas emissions, so that there is at least a balance between human-induced greenhouse gas emissions and the elimination of our country`s emissions and through ecosystems. healthy naturals. This provision requires the “coupling” of different emissions trading schemes – because the measured emission reductions must avoid “double counting”, the transferred mitigation results must be recorded as a gain in emission units for one party and a reduction in emission units for the other party.  As NDCs and national FDI are heterogeneous, ITOs will provide a format for global linkages under the auspices of the UNFCCC.  The provision therefore also creates pressure on countries to implement emission management systems – if a country wants to use less costly cooperative approaches to achieve its NDCs, it must monitor carbon units for its economies.  As governments reflect on the future, they will undoubtedly need to address issues such as the following: this will also allow the parties to progressively improve their contributions to the fight against climate change in order to achieve the long-term objectives of the agreement. The Paris Agreement is an agreement within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) that addresses the mitigation, adaptation and financing of greenhouse gas emissions and was signed in 2016. .