What Has Been A Long Term Effect Of The Sykes Picot Agreement

On April 21, Faisal headed east. Before leaving, on 17 April Clemenceau sent a draft letter in which the French government declared that it recognized “Syria`s right to independence in the form of a federation of autonomous governments in accordance with the traditions and wishes of the population”, claiming that Fayçal had recognized “that France is called a power, Syria the necessary assistance by various advisers On 20 April , Fayçal Clemenceau assured that he was “deeply impressed by the selfless kindness of your statements while I was in Paris, and I must thank you for first proposing the sending of the Allied Commission which will soon travel to the East to identify the wishes of the local peoples regarding the future organization of their country. I am sure the Syrian people will know how to show you their gratitude. [95] Nevertheless, the basic symbolism still works quite well. Arabs are very uncomfortable when it comes to the long history of Western influence in the Middle East. People tend to view many aspects of the misery that is leading the Middle East today as rooted in Western politics, so well documented after the First World War. However, if you ask someone from Lebanon or Jordan if they want to join the Islamic State or if they are willing to accept some kind of large Syrian state – even a state free of the Islamic tendencies of Daesh – a large majority of them would say no. People are generally quite satisfied with their nation states and do not want to exchange them for an identity imposed as part of greater unity. Despite these rival ambitions, neither France nor Britain had defined clearly defined war objectives in the Middle East before the Ottoman Empire entered the war in November 1914. The attention of policy makers focused on the imposition of the empire`s territories after the war, when Russia called for a post-war division that would give it control of Istanbul and the straits that connect the Bosphorus to the Dardanelles, as well as a predominant role in eastern Anatolia. France reaffirmed its Syrian claims, and in February 1915 Britain obtained the agreement that France would be entitled to Syria and Alexandertta if the Middle East partition plans were to be carried out.

For their part, the British convened the De Bunsen Interdepartmental Committee in April 1915. His recommendations remained just before the partition of the Ottoman Empire, but names the spheres of interest of the great powers (for Great Britain, these were in Palestine and Southern Mesopotamia) that bore a remarkable resemble of the divisions established after the war.