The concept of a union began long before the biblical era, especially the beginnings of Israel. After George E. Mendenhall, alliances were originally created as legal customs and then imitated in the field of religion. These covenants were made on the basis of an oath, a promise between two parties and a subsequent fulfillment. Participation in an oath implies that the most powerful party would ensure that the other party would receive an appropriate sanction if it was insolvent. In the case of religion, the gods would carry out the punishment. Such covenants have ensured that either blessings or curses are avoided in response to circumstances. The original covenant between God and Abraham follows the form of Theuzerain`s covenant; What is important is that Israel has no duty to stand; Confederation is not subject to conditions. Future alliances between Israel and God would be conditional. This is clearly expressed in Deuteronomy 11:13-21, recited twice a day as part of the basic prayer, the Shema. This section explains that as long as Israel is faithful to God, it will be blessed by bountiful harvests, but if it follows other gods, the country will not support him. The cost of not following this alliance is heavy.
The deepest and brightest concept of the Hebrew vision of the world is the concept of love between God and his chosen people. Translated into English as an “alliance,” the word means “promise” or “promise.” In the “promise” to Abraham, God elects Abraham and his posterity as a particular people, indeed, as The only people of God. He promises Abraham that his descendants will occupy and possess the lands of Palestine, that they will be unspeakable, and that they will enjoy God`s protection and concern for all their oppressors. It is this promise and this relationship that it implies between the Lord, the one God, and his people, that defines the Hebrew cultural and historical identity. The relationship that the term “Berit” implies is the relationship between a Lord and his servants, for in Hebrew a “Berit” is a promise made unilaterally by a Lord to his servants, whom he will protect and watch over these servants.