Sudan`s acting Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok thanked all factions and leaders who joined the peace agreement and ended his country`s bloody 17-year conflict, and invited the two remaining factions that did not sign the peace agreement to board. The draft constitutional declaration of 4 August lists as article 7 “the achievement of a just and comprehensive peace, the end of the war by focusing on the roots of the Sudanese problem”. (1), the first point mentioned in its “mandate for the transitional period”, and contains details in Chapter 15, Articles 67 and 58 of the document.   Article 67.b) states that a peace agreement should be concluded within six months of the signing of the draft constitutional declaration. Section 67. (c) the obligation of women to participate at all levels of the peace procedure and the implementation of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325, and the legal definition of women`s rights is governed by Article 67. (d) other mechanisms for the implementation of the Comprehensive Peace Process are listed in Article 67. (e) (cessation of hostilities, opening of humanitarian aid corridors, release and exchange of prisoners), 67. (f) (amnesties for political leaders and members of armed opposition movements) and 67 (g) (transitional justice and accountability for crimes against humanity and war crimes and trials before national and international tribunals).  Article 68 lists 13 “matters essential to peace negotiations.”  The key to achieving inclusive and sustainable peace is to ensure people`s ownership and find ways to involve civil society actors and marginalized communities such as nomads in dialogue, reconciliation and social peace initiatives. The negotiations were primarily a top-down elitist process. Although the UN brought internally displaced persons, tribal leaders and women`s groups to Juba for a short time, civil society participation was limited.
However, the agreement provides for a wide range of stakeholders to contribute to a comprehensive peace through reconciliation and transitional justice mechanisms, follow-up conferences and an inclusive national constitutional conference. Sudan`s transitional government has signed a long-awaited peace agreement with a coalition of armed groups. The deal raises hopes of ending decades of civil wars — but not all rebel groups are on board. The implementation of the peace agreement on the ground will face many other challenges, given the fragility of a transitional civil-military government, the mistrust and competition between the signatory movements and some political parties, as well as the growing insecurity in many parts of the country caused by armed militias, inter-tribal violence, proliferation of weapons and sabotage by elements of the former regime. It is also likely that there will be resistance from groups such as illegal settlers who see their interests threatened. The peacebuilding process faces various challenges and pitfalls that we can overcome through concerted efforts and joint action. Negotiations on two areas with the SPLM-N (al-Hilu) ended until the 21st After a two-week pause on six points of the framework agreement, he remained in agreement on the SPLM-N`s (al-Hilu) request for a secular state in South Kordofan and Nuba Mountains and on the self-determination of the Blue Nile.  A peace agreement was signed between the SRF, the SPLM-N, under the leadership of Malik Agar, and the SLM led by Minni Minnawi and the Sudanese government, in which both al Nur and al-Hilu were missing.  However, the agreement included conditions to integrate the rebels into the security forces and grant them political representations as well as economic and land rights, in addition to a ten-year plan to invest $750 million in the development of the southern and western regions and ensure the return of displaced people.  In 2005, the Comprehensive Peace Agreement resolved part of the armed conflict in Sudan, including the 2011 South Sudanese referendum on independence and the secession of South Sudan. . .