Iraq Withdrawal Agreement 2008

On 16 November 2008, the Iraqi cabinet approved the agreements; on 27 November, the Iraqi Parliament ratified it; On 4 December, the Iraqi Presidential Council approved the security pacts. [24] On November 16, 2008, the Iraqi government approved the agreement, which in late 2009 set the withdrawal of U.S. troops from Iraqi cities and, in 2011, the withdrawal of the U.S. military presence in the country. U.S. concessions included a ban on U.S. forces searching homes without Iraqi authorization, the right of Iraqis to search for American recipients of incoming weapons and packages, and the right of The Iraqi judiciary to prosecute U.S. troops for serious crimes in certain circumstances. The vote was adopted by 27 of the 37 cabinet members, nine of whom were absent and one against. The agreement then presided over Parliament.

[25] However, on 19 November, the Iraqi Parliament was postponed by one day after the loyal legislators of the Shiite clergy Moqtada al-Sadr cancelled the second reading of the text of the treaty. Spokesman Mahmoud al-Mashhadani postponed the meeting after Sadrist MP Ahmed al-Massoudi was aggressive towards a lawmaker from the government coalition who read the text of the agreement. [26] On December 3, 2008, about 2,000 Iraqi refugees in Syria protested against the U.S. Iraqi military pact, which stipulated that the agreement would place Iraq under American rule. “We condemn the security agreement, a shameful and disgraceful agreement of the American occupation,” he said on a banner outside a store in the Shiite-majority neighborhood where the protest took place. [11] The Scholar Muslim Association, a group of Sunni religious leaders in Iraq, accused the Iraqi Accord Front, a party that supported the pact, of “selling” Iraq[10] and also condemned the agreement as “legitimization of the occupation”. [51] On November 27, 2008, the Iraqi Parliament has ratified an agreement on the status of the armed forces with the United States, which stipulated that U.S. troops would withdraw from Iraqi cities by June 30, 2009, and all U.S. forces will leave Iraq completely by December 31, 2011, but will allow negotiations to continue if the Iraqi Prime Minister believes that Iraq is not stable enough. The pact requires criminal prosecution for the detention of prisoners for more than 24 hours and an arrest warrant for the search of homes and buildings that have nothing to do with the fighting. [1] U.S. contractors are subject to Iraqi criminal law.

If U.S. forces still commit undecided “premeditated crimes” while off-base, they will be subject to the as yet undecided procedures set out by a joint U.S. committee for Iraq when the United States has certified to the armed forces that they will be out of service. [1] [2] [3] [4] An Iraqi referendum on the pact will take place in mid-2009, which could force coalition forces to withdraw by mid-2010. [33] Parliament also adopted another bilateral pact between the United States and Iraq, the Strategic Framework Agreement to guarantee the interests of Sunni minorities and constitutional rights. [8] The United States has been involved in military operations in Iraq since March 2003.